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- Melopsittacus undulatus : Budgerigar | Atlas of Living Australia
Good fertility and large clutch sizes are also largely genetically determined and passed on from one generation to the next. This heritable characteristic is a most important selection criterion. Look for the percentage of the chicks that fledge with feather problems. French Moult is a most important disease of the budgerigars.
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Look for this trend in certain family lines in an effort to identify and cull the original "carrier". Observation The best fanciers spend many hours observing their birds in the aviary and breeding cabinet. Observant fanciers develop an uncanny understanding of the needs and characteristics of the families they keep.
Often they make intuitive decisions regarding the pairing of their birds, but their intuition is an understanding based upon the knowledge gained from years of observation. Vitality The observant fancier easily identifies the most vigorous and fittest birds in the aviary and it is these birds that are chosen above all for breeding. Exercise, play, good quality food and sunlight are essential ingredients for the fitness required for successful budgerigar breeding.
The birds are prepared both mentally and physically prior to breeding by feeding and health programmes. The most vital and energetic birds with breeding experience are paired first and a few weeks later the most vital young birds are selected. Youth The wild budgerigar has prospered because of its ability to breed quickly and in good conditions they start breeding at a very young age. Their ultimate survival as a species depends on it.
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In the aviary, the young birds are the most vital and most appropriate for breeding quality exhibition budgerigars, but they need experienced older pairs breeding beforehand to get them started. Strong hens Strong quality hens are the backbone of a successful breeding season. Just as the wild budgerigar hen is the most important partner in breeding success in the wild, so too does a strong energetic quality hen form the foundation for a successful budgerigar aviary.
In the wild, hen birds have been seen mating with more than six cocks at a time.
The Budgerigar - Its Natural History, Breeding and Management
Family history genetics and desirable physical show features. As a general rule it is still best to select a bird close to the pictorial model of perfection. There is a much greater chance of breeding the best show bird from a long dynasty of successful show birds.
It is important to select the closest bird to perfection that you can get your hands on. This is the starting point for show success. Energy is the reason the wild budgerigar chick grows so quickly playing an even more important role for the modern day aviary budgerigar because of its increased feather and body mass. As well, the parents are feeding the chicks for much longer and the addition of nutritional supplements to balance the food equation has become a necessary part of breeding success. Also refer to Dr.
Marshall's article about feeding practices. A clean aviary, water and food.
The wild budgerigar has adapted to the open spaces and sun bleached soils of the dry inland. Like the aviary bird it is highly susceptible to unclean air dust and moisture. The most successful health systems incorporate "cleansers" into their health management programmes. A sound breeding system promotes a strong natural resistance by using strong vital breeders. Natural Selection is the basis of the breeding success in the wild budgerigar and it follows that the same principles must apply to the aviary bird.
The correct aviary design and bird numbers promoting security and proper rest. The normal budgie color is a green body with a yellow head and wings speckled with black over the face. As with the passerine species, there are many color mutations ranging from lutino to blue.
One may use the cere color to determine gender in a green color budgie, but this method is not helpful with the various color mutations. A blue budgie with a blue cere may be female. Palpating the distance between the pubic bones with the right index finger may give some indication of gender, females having a wider pubic distance than males. Budgerigars may be an individual's first and only bird purchased as a pet. The single budgie can be easily tamed or can be obtained as a hand-raised young bird.
Budgerigars have been known to have a vocabulary of up to words. The owner should understand that the voice of a bird is produced at the syrinx, otherwise known as the avian voice box. This anatomic structure is located at the tracheal bifurcation, deep in the cranial coelomic cavity. The diminutive budgerigar has a soft, high-pitched voice that requires a good ear for one to understand the sounds the bird is making. These birds can be housed as a single pet or in a larger cage with multiple inhabitants.
Budgerigars , when housed as a group of birds, are beautiful to watch, especially if a number of different color mutations are present within the cage. The playful chirps and noises the birds commonly make when interacting with one another also are pleasant on the ear and livens up a house.
Melopsittacus undulatus : Budgerigar | Atlas of Living Australia
The budgerigar is an easy avian species to set up for reproductive purposes. A wooden nest box in the cage will provide an adequate place for egg laying and bird raising. In Clinical Veterinary Advisor , Older and younger birds may be more predisposed because of an immune compromised state. Budgerigars commonly present with Knemidocoptes spp. It appears these mites may be introduced to young birds through contact with their parents. The transmission of ectoparasites in facilitated by physical proximity, overcrowding and environmental conditions that contribute to the parasite presence.
Many ectoparasites may act as vectors for other diseases transmissible to other avian species or humans. Infestations can be severe and chronic, leading to cere hyperkeratosis and beak malformations.
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These mite infestations can be difficult to diagnose owing to night feeding. Direct visualization may be accomplished during the night or by placing a white sheet in the cage or enclosure overnight and may aid in identification and diagnosis. Avian lice in general are not highly pathogenic. Extremely high numbers of lice on an avian patient are usually indicative of immune suppression or other disease conditions or poor hygiene. Serious reactions with death as a consequence have been reported in birds as a result of tick reactions due to unknown pathophysiologic processes.
Black flies from the family Simuliidae also feed on blood meals and can transmit Leucocytozoo n spp. Skin may be hyperkeratotic and acanthotic, presenting with thickening, irregularity, and flaking. In budgerigars Melopsittacus undulatus and Neophema spp.
APV replication occurs in all tissues, including the brain, and affected nestlings may be ataxic or have head tremors. There may be abdominal distension caused by hepatomegaly and ascites; subcutaneous petechiae or ecchymosis or a generalized pallor. Gross necropsy lesions may be absent but the crop is often distended with food.
Older budgerigar nestlings may fail to develop normal contour feathers and affected contour feathers may lack normal barbs. The rectrices and secondary remiges may fail to develop. There may be a lack of down feathers on the back and abdomen and a lack of contour feathers on the head and neck.